Iowa State University. If a thesis or dissertation has been published and is found on a database, then follow the structure below. Title in sentence case Publication or Document No. Database name. Knight, K. Media epidemics: Viral structures in literature and new media Accession No.
ProQuest Dissertations Publishing. Trotman, J. In the example given above, the dissertation is presented with a Document Number Document No. If you are interested in learning more about how to handle works that were accessed via academic research databases, see Section 9. Year Published. Title in sentence case [Degree type thesis or dissertation, Name of institution].
Name of archive or collection. Kim, O. Soviet tableau: cinema and history under late socialism [Doctoral dissertation, University of Pittsburgh]. Institutional Repository at the University of Pittsburgh. Stiles, T. It is important to note that not every thesis or dissertation published online will be associated with a specific archive or collection.
If the work is published on a private website, provide only the URL as the source element. We hope that the information provided here will serve as an effective guide for your research. It can help you cite easily and offers citation forms for several different kinds of sources. American Psychological Association. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 7th ed. Written and edited by Michele Kirschenbaum and Elise Barbeau. Michele Kirschenbaum is a school library media specialist and the in-house librarian at EasyBib.
Elise Barbeau is the Citation Specialist at Chegg. Sheehan, L. Destination management organizations: A stakeholder perspective Doctoral dissertation. Retrieved from Proquest Digital Dissertations. AAT NR Unpublished thesis Elements of the reference Author - last name, initial s. In-text reference Rahman, Rahman found that Reference list Rahman, M.
EndNote reference type Thesis Add either "Unpublished doctoral dissertation" or "Unpublished master's thesis" to the "Degree" field. Thesis retrieved from website Elements of the reference Author - last name, initial s. Reference list Axford, J. Thesis retrieved from database Elements of the reference Author - last name, initials.
Accession or order number in database In-text reference Sheehan, Sheehan reported that Reference list Sheehan, L. Report a problem. Tags: apa 6th , referencing. Rahman, Rahman found that Thesis Add either "Unpublished doctoral dissertation" or "Unpublished master's thesis" to the "Degree" field.
Every example below that has been adapted in this way is accompanied by a note explaining how it was adapted. Please also note: While this resource contains many examples of citations for uncommon print sources that we think are helpful, it may not account for every possibility.
For even more examples of how to cite uncommon print sources, please refer to the 7 th edition of the APA Publication Manual. The 7 th edition of the APA manual does not provide specific guidance on how to cite physical reference works such as dictionaries, thesauruses, or encyclopedias.
Therefore, this citation, as well as the one for an individual author of an entry in a reference work, is modeled on that of a chapter in an edited book or anthology, both which are similar in format to reference works. Institution or organization name. Title of entry.
In Title of reference work edition, page numbers. Publisher name. Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Lastname, F. Lastname ed. Tatum, S. Spirituality and religion in hip hop literature and culture. Stanley ed. Nail, T. What is an assemblage? SubStance , 46 1 , Note: Provide the secondary source in the references list; in the text, name the original work, and give a citation for the secondary source. In the text, use the following citation:. The 7 th edition of the APA manual does not provide specific guidance on how to cite dissertation abstracts.
Therefore, this citation models that of a journal article, which is similar in format. Title of dissertation. Dissertation Abstracts International , Vol. Angeli, E. Networks of communication in emergency medical services. Dissertation Abstracts International, 74 , 03 E. Database or Archive Name. See Section 7. Reference format for a thesis from a commercial database:. Author, A. Title of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis Doctoral dissertation or Master's thesis.
Available from Name of database. Accession or Order No. Reference format for a thesis from an institutional repository:. Title of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis Doctoral dissertation or Master's thesis, the name of the University, city, country. Pflieger, J. Adolescents' parent and peer relations and romantic outcomes in young adulthood Doctoral dissertation.
UMI No. Thesis from a NZ institutional repository :. Thomas, R. In-text citations guide. TItle of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis Unpublished doctoral dissertation or master's thesis. Name of Institution, Location. Knight, A.