Consider the feasibility of your work before you write down the scope. Again, if the scope is too narrow, the findings might not be generalizable. Typically, the information that you need to include in the scope would cover the following:. General purpose of the study. The population or sample that you are studying. The duration of the study. The topics or theories that you will discuss. The geographical location covered in the study. To learn in depth how you can write an engaging Introduction section, check out this course designed exclusively for researchers: How to write a strong introduction for your research paper.
Related reading:. Answered by Editage Insights on 06 May, This content belongs to the Career Growth Stage. Confirm that you would also like to sign up for free personalized email coaching for this stage. Recommended Courses. Funding Sources. Q: How do I present the scope of my study? Answer Follow this Question. Answer: The scope of a study explains the extent to which the research area will be explored in the work and specifies the parameters within the study will be operating.
Typically, the information that you need to include in the scope would cover the following: 1. General purpose of the study 2. The population or sample that you are studying 3. The duration of the study 4. The topics or theories that you will discuss 5. Otherwise, you may be setting yourself up for a project that will take several years to complete.
Ask yourself if each question is truly only assessing one thing relationship, perspective, experience, etc. This example is incredibly simplistic, by design. So the aim of your study is two-part: a to discover which cookies are favored and b how texture, sweetness, and aroma make people gravitate toward certain types of cookies. No… you actually have four questions which you could easily.
Each of the questions in this example are focused on one thing. Ensuring the simple focus of each research question will help prevent you from inadvertently trying to examine too much in a single investigation. Try to limit your investigation to no more than four or five questions — In my experience, is optimal. Overachievers, listen up. Think about the time you have available to gather your sample, conduct data collection, and complete the analysis.
Generally, studies with a broader scope will require a larger sample and more intensive data collection and analysis processes. Really think about what you can achieve in your given time frame, and then narrow according to what you can realistically accomplish during that period. This is a big one. Even utilizing smaller studies that leverage online survey companies, such as Qualtrics or SurveyMonkey, can end up costing a few thousand dollars. Maybe it is more feasible to interview 10 people from one village in Africa than to travel to five different villages to collect data.
Your goal is to finish. A streamlined investigation with well-defined boundaries will better serve you in the accomplishment of this goal than a study that is too broad or overly ambitious and this advice is coming from someone who truly understands what it is to be overly ambitious.
How to define your research scope Posted by Jessica A common struggle for graduate and post-graduate researchers is defining the scope of their investigations. Seriously, how can such decisions be made?? I began to feel passion for those same issues - his excitement was contagious! Because my intention is always to help my clients move through the dissertation process as quickly and efficiently as possible, I've created a list of strategies you can use to help limit your research scope if this seems like something you're struggling with.
Examine the structure of your research questions Ask yourself if each question is truly only assessing one thing relationship, perspective, experience, etc. I'm going to give a hypothetical example about cookies because I am hungry. Let's say you want to do a study on the most-loved cookies in the U. But you don't just want to know which cookies are favored by the population, but also why they are favored.
You discovered a number of factors based on the existing research, of course that make people favor different types of foods, including the food's texture, sweetness, and aroma.
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A thesis containing articles written by more than one author must, at submission for evaluation, include signed declarations describing the candidate's and co-author's contribution to each of the articles. See templates for co-author declarations. It is the responsibility of the institution to decide whether a doctoral thesis produced by more than one person may be submitted for evaluation.
In this case, it must be possible to identify the contributions of the individuals involved. The doctoral thesis must consist of a summary and a minimum of four 4 publishable articles. The candidate must be the lead author of at least three 3 of the articles.
The doctoral thesis must consist of a summary and a minimum of three 3 publishable research articles in relevant scientific journals with the candidate as first author. At least two 2 of the articles must be submitted for publication and at least one 1 must be accepted for publication.
When submitting a dissertation based on more than three 3 research articles, there is no requirement for first authorship of works beyond three 3 articles. An article-based doctoral thesis must, in addition to the articles, comprise an overall summary "kappe" that includes an introduction leading up to the thesis main issues; a method part, summary of the research results, an overarching discussion; conclusions and suggestions to further research.
The overall summary should serve as a framework for the thesis so that a cohesive perspective can be clarified early in the process. It will be natural to modifay the overall summary throughout the process with respect to how the form and content of the articles develop. The overall summary should be finalised at the end of the doctoral project.
The thesis must be written in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English. If the thesis consists of more than one language, the summary must be written in Norwegian or English. If the articles are written in English, the summary must be in English. Regardless, the completed research will have limitations, and these must be mentioned in the thesis.
The researcher should approach it honestly and realistically, neither over- or understating the limitations. Different types of study may be prone to certain types of limitations. The research methods must be carefully considered to avoid unnecessary limitations. For example, case studies are typically focused on one person or group, which may or may not be indicative of other similar scenarios.
Most case studies will therefore naturally limit the researcher's ability to generalize without further research. Studies that require instrumentation for measurements are limited by the ability and quality of the instruments.
Survey-based research can be limited by the participants' ability to answer the question precisely. In other words, the questions, available answers, or space available can limit or even change the participants' desired answers. A solid limitations section in a thesis will directly state all of the potential limitations but will not stop there. It should also justify how research design decisions were made, as well as why certain limitations were deemed acceptable over others.
Ideally, the researcher will provide suggestions on how the limitations of the current study might be avoided in future research. World View. The Scope The scope is very important to the overall quality of a thesis. The Limitations All studies are limited by various factors, and like the scope, limitations should also be considered early on.
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The proposed system is limited only in reducing high power consumption of the high pressure pump. Some calculations, assumptions, and selections were made as a consideration of a proper and realistic design. It is important to narrow down your thesis topic and limit the scope of your study. The researcher should inform the reader about limits or coverage of the study. The scope identifies the boundaries of the study in term of subjects, objectives, facilities, area, time frame, and the issues to which the research is focused.
The coverage of this study………. The study consists of …….. The study covers the ………. This study is focus on…….. The delimitation of the study is delimiting a study by geographic location, age, sex, population traits, population size, or other similar considerations.
Delimitation is used to make study better and more feasible and not just for the interest of the researcher. Defining the scope helps the researcher acquire a high level of research and writing capability. The following steps can help the researcher to effectively define the goals of establishing a scope of the study. The first step is to identify the research needs.
This helps them set a benchmark from the first step. The researcher should take into account the expectations of the research and how well the findings of the researcher will be accepted by the reader. For instance, will the findings of your study help in policymaking or not? Identifying these limitations and their possible solutions in advance help achieve goals better.
After the preliminary goals are set, the researcher must carry out some part of the research so that necessary changes that lead to wastage of time and resources at later stages are reduced. For example, while conducting an interview, if the researcher believes that the sample size decided is too large or too small according to the scope of the study, then the researcher can make the necessary changes in that in order to avoid the wastage of the time and the resources.
The major things that the researcher should keep in mind while writing the scope of the study are as follows. The scope of the study for this research topic should include several roles within the mentioned time period. Further, it should also cover the mass media types that have been used in the analysis of the study also including the location and the sample size as well.
With the increase in the number of the social media users and its use in everyday communication at the individual and the organizational levels, there has been a corresponding increase in its incorporation in the educational development and especially in a country like India. In view of this situation, the present study analyzes the role of social media on the educational development of the students.
To this end, the study will also cover the changes in the usage of the social media in educational filed over the time period ranging from The scope of the study is restricted to select social media platforms, specifically Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. The empirical study in this research is restricted to five universities located across India, wherein the opinions of 30 teachers were studied in interview sessions.
Therefore the scope of this study is limited to India, and more specifically to those offering Arts and Science-related courses. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Sign in. Goals of establishing the scope of the study The following steps can help the researcher to effectively define the goals of establishing a scope of the study. Identification of the project or research needs The first step is to identify the research needs.
Confirmation of the goals and the objectives of the research The goals and objectives defined in the project scope should be aligned with the SMART Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic and Timeframe guidelines, which are: Specific- this involves clear specification of what the researcher wants to achieve. It involves specifying what, why and how things will be done. This reduces the chances of ambiguities and any misunderstanding in the future.
Measurable- Goals should be measurable and dynamic so that constant feedback can be generated for improvement. Achievable- Research goals should be achievable with the resources that are available. Realistic- Goals should be easier to deliver so that complications that can hamper the quality of the research can be avoided.
Other considerations to be kept in mind are the budget and timeline. Time frame- lastly, the researcher should estimate whether the set goals can be achieved within the given time frame or not. Expectations and acceptance The researcher should take into account the expectations of the research and how well the findings of the researcher will be accepted by the reader. Identification of the constraints there are always certain roadblocks in conducting research, such as environmental conditions, technological inefficiency and lack of resources.
Identifying the necessary changes After the preliminary goals are set, the researcher must carry out some part of the research so that necessary changes that lead to wastage of time and resources at later stages are reduced.