Drug misuse is a societal issue as much as it is a medical issue, and therefore should not be simplified as a crime to be fought. In order to see drug addiction as the disease it truly is, this essay explores the causes and effects of drug addiction.
Then, the author will tackle the effects of drug abuse on the individual, their family, and society, as well as how the consequences of drug abuse often compound the issue and make it difficult for those with drug addiction to rehabilitate and recover. Drug addiction is the chronic compulsive behavior of seeking illicit drugs.
Drug use is categorized as addiction when use is continued despite salient harmful consequences. SUD has three categories—mild, moderate, and severe. It is worth noting that there is a difference between drug misuse and addiction. Drug misuse is the unhealthy use of prescribed medication NIDA, a.
Drug addiction, on the other hand, is characterized by the inability to control the urge to use drugs despite the negative consequences. Despite the differences, both spectrums of drug use have adverse consequences on the individual, as well as on the people surrounding them. The problem of drug use and addiction is not new in the US.
It has been recognized as an issue since the 20 th century Branch Why people use drugs is a complex question that is still being explored today. Current research has established various emotional, physical, and psychological factors that contribute to the chances of using drugs and developing drug addiction. There are various reasons that fall within these factors that may serve as risk factors for drug addiction.
Emotional factors such as grief; trauma; chronic stress; pressure from peers, family, or at work; and cumulative adversity may put someone at risk of drug addiction. Individuals under such stress, for instance stress from surviving their first semester in college , may use drugs as a coping strategy for dealing with stress, reduce tension, or self-medicate Sinha, Furthermore, chronic stress, especially among youths, is associated with decreased emotional and behavioral control, which is a major contributor to vulnerability to drug use and addiction as well as other maladaptive behavior Sinha, Thus, emotional factors that put excessive stress on one individual may push them toward drug usage.
In such cases, individuals experiencing the symptoms of a mental disorder may turn to drugs to self-medicate. However, it is also possible for an individual who uses drugs to develop mental health disorders Frontiers, Studies have found strong links between mental disorders and drug addiction; however, the reason for this link remains unclear. An emerging reason for the link is the genetic overlap of mental health disorders and drug use. The study by Bogdan found that the genetic risk for schizophrenia and depression are associated with use of cannabis and cocaine Frontiers, This study confirms the previous claims that certain individuals have genetic predisposition for drug addiction.
Family history of addiction is another strong cause of drug use and addiction. Certain attitudes and behaviors, which are hereditary, play a substantial role here:. Stress resiliency and externalizing behaviors, characterized by disinhibition, aggression, and impulsivity, are both intermediate phenotypes thought to underlie the comorbidity between addictions and other psychiatric diseases, leading to the potential to track shared genetic factors Bevilacqua and Goldman Thus, individuals with a blood relative with drug addiction are at greater risk for developing the same due to certain characteristics that make them vulnerable to drug addiction.
However, an equally important factor is the environment, specifically, the availability of drugs or other addictive agents Bevilacqua and Goldman Individuals with higher risk for drug addiction tend to develop addiction faster than others. Each person has their own reasons for using drugs. Ultimately, there is no one reason causing drug addiction, rather there are multiple, interconnected reasons that may lead one individual toward drugs. These changes in the brain caused by drugs remain even after the person has stopped using drugs.
It should not be forgotten, however, that while drugs are done by an individual, it could have equally devastating effects on their family and friends. Drugs alter brain chemistry. This is why cravings for the drug becomes too intense and drug use becomes compulsive and difficult to stop. These changes in the brain are permanent, and will continue to affect the individual long after they have quit drugs.
Additionally, drug addiction has an adverse effect on health. Drug addiction weakens the immune system and causes various diseases like heart disease, lung disease, liver damage, as well as seizures and brain damage. Furthermore, as mentioned, drug addiction may cause or worsen mental health diseases.
In worst cases, drug addiction may lead to overdose and death. Unborn babies may also sustain effects from drug addiction. Aside from poor nutrition, possibly linked to lifestyle choices associated with drug addiction, unborn babies may suffer from premature birth, low birth weight, birth defects, and learning or behavioral problems later in life. Proceed if you agree to this policy or learn more about it.
Type of paper: Essay. Many causes and effects of drug addiction are both related as to why a person is using illegal drugs and the outcome of becoming a drug addict. Being a drug addict creates a negative cycle, which undeniably precipitates some anomalies in the human brain. The process will result in strong cravings as well as involuntary inclination that prompt to use drugs.
Drug addiction is a very serious threat to public safety and public health, not only in the United States, but also all over the world. Drug addiction develops in many ways. To better understand the causes of addiction, it would be essential to know how the use of illegal drugs is affecting the human brain. The human brain has its natural capability to reinforce and identify positive experiences.
As an example, if a human eats his or her favorite food or puts a warm blanket during the cold winter nights, the brain will naturally release feel-good chemicals such as dopamine. By repeatedly experiencing these events, drugs will reinforce the human behavior through a process that teaches the brain to expect the positive experiences or pleasant sensations. However, none of these addiction causes will happen if there are no supporting factors that provoke people in getting addicted to drugs.
Sometimes, some people mistakenly observe drug addiction and abuse as one of the social problems. A person who lives in a community, where drug temptations are present, it is more likely that he or she may be with a group of people who use drugs. This normally happens to a person who normally gets along with a group of people who have similar behavior just like him. He will easily be convinced to use illegal drugs initially until he falls into addiction eventually.
In some points, causes of drug abuse can be a personal or family matter. There may have a time that parents and guardian of a potential drug user may lack family openness, in which communication between family members is less. Therefore, there could be an attention deficiency, which they normally found from their peers. There could be hundreds of causes why a person becomes a drug addict.
Along with this, there are also numerous effects that being a drug addict could provide. A person who is addicted to drugs could turn his attitude to be a hot-tempered one. He or she tends to become irate as a response even on simple things. As a result, his or her relationship with her family and friends could become worse as his attitude becomes worse.
A drug addict will lose his self-control and his ability to recognize sounds. These effects could appear overtime as the person continues to use illegal drugs. The effects of being a drug user may depend on the length of time a person being into it. The longer a person uses illegal drugs, the more likely that he or she may have worse effects eventually. We accept sample papers from students via the submission form.
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Type of Paper. Essay Topics. Educational Tools. Drug Addiction. Illegal Drugs. Drug Addict. Bachelor's Degree. Drug User. Effects Of Drug Addiction.