dissertation chapter 5 learner confidence

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Children are naturally curious—they want to know "how" and "why. In this minilesson, students organize the information they have compiled through the research process by using sentence strips. Students first walk through the process using information on Beluga whales as a model. Students match facts written on sentence strips to one of four categories: appearance, behavior, habitat, and food. Sentence strips are color-coded to match each category. The sequence of notes sentence strips under each category are case studies page in an indented outline form, and regrouped so that similar facts are placed together.

Dissertation chapter 5 learner confidence view sample resumes online

Dissertation chapter 5 learner confidence

The point of this story is that sometimes you simply need motivation to get the dissertation written. Getting a full-time job and making myself more marketable for the following year on the job market helped me eventually land a tenure-track position, as well as build valuable social capital at my first institution.

Write a story. For those of you who do ethnographic fieldwork, a good way to start or restart the writing process is to write about a story from the field. I cite this example because I found it to be one of the least intimidating aspects of writing my dissertation, and it allows you to loosen up. Since the stories are embedded in a larger socio-cultural context, writing a story will also allow you to raise larger issues, which you can then connect to pertinent literature and topics such as race, gender, class and other forms of social inequality.

Recognize that writing is writing. Do not put any restrictions on yourself. All that can be refined at a later time. Just write. It counts as writing! It has to go in the dissertation anyway. Reading the pertinent literature, reading fiction and reading poetry informs your own thinking about your work. The thinking will help you generate more writing. Take breaks. The stress of writing and sitting in front of a computer for long stretches of time can have adverse effects on your health.

One of the breaks I like to take when writing involves exercise. As I wrote my dissertation, I took walks and rode my mountain bike. Plus, the act of exercise -- either during it or afterward -- has helped me work through ideas for my dissertation, my book and various articles I have written between and now. Since we have chosen self-flagellating vocations, it is perfectly fine to remind yourself that you do not need to be chained to your desk in order to produce solid written work.

I hope these tips help. If you found any of them useful, please share this essay with other academics in the midst of writing their dissertations with hopes more of them can finish the work they started. Bertin M. Louis Jr. His research and teaching interests include religion, race and racism. He also studies human rights and statelessness among Haitians in the Bahamas and antiracist social movements in the U.

He also served as a guest on the third season of Blackademics TV. Expand comments Hide comments. View the discussion thread. We have retired comments and introduced Letters to the Editor. Share your thoughts ». Advertise About Contact Subscribe. Coronavirus Live Updates - 57 min 47 sec ago. Career Advice. Conditionally Accepted.

Advice for Writing -- and Finishing -- Your Dissertation. Louis offers five tips for moving past intimidation all the way to completion. By Bertin M. The findings of this study would brief teachers of the effective strategies and pedagogies to mold their students into skilled and competent teaching and non-teaching professionals. The results of this study would provide students with useful and reflective insights on the different factors that could influence them in pursuing a career path.

Bachelor of Business Teacher Education BBTE pertains to a four-year degree course offered by the Polytechnic University of the Philippines that focuses on preparing and training students as skilled and competent teaching and non- teaching office professionals. Career refers to a swift course or a progress extending through the life or a portion of it. Career choice means the preferred type of occupation or profession by college students according to familial-related, individual-related, societal-related, psychosocial-emotional, and competencies-related factors.

Career path pertains to both teaching and office professions that a student ought to pursue. Competencies-related factors means skills acquired or mastered. Familial-related factors are direct bearing of parental role in education and career aspirations. Office skills refer to the skills in accounting, computer software skills, keyboarding, filing, business communications, and other clerical functions that a non-teaching office personnel must possess.

Office work refers to the general clerical functions that a non-teaching personnel performs in an office. Psychosocial-emotional factors pertain to emotional, personal and social barriers that prevent an individual from making adequate career choice. Societal-related factors include values, attitudes, and practices of a society that relate to appropriate career choice.

Teaching refers to the noble profession that facilitates learning and knowledge processing of students in schools. The information in this chapter was sought to support this study and lead the researchers in determining the factors that influence the pursuit of teaching or office work of fourth year Bachelor in Business Teacher Education students of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Sta. Foreign Literature Students are influenced by different academic portions of the class such as the value of the content, the structure, and the workload.

Students also looked upon their interest, academic goals, and schedules. Not all courses are as prominent as others, but it is important to know what students want from their classes, and their expectations of themselves Waugh, First of all, career choice is an expression of, or an extension of personality into the world of work followed by the subsequent identification with specific occupational stereotypes.

If the individual has developed a strong dominant orientation, satisfaction is probable in a corresponding occupational environment; if the orientation is one of indecision, however, the livelihood of satisfaction diminishes. Career is viewed as a sequence of work history and reflects a chosen work- related life theme.

It demands individual choices in reference to a cognitive map, about the dynamic interaction among work, self, family, and external social forces. This is so even if the person decides to do nothing Derr, Education Life states that career planning is an ongoing career development process through which learners attempt to understand their personal, family, school, work, and community experiences and the importance they may have in making career and lifestyle choices.

Knowing the right path, making the wise decision and having a good attitude to career planning are keys to success. The choice in their career lies in the steps one takes; for this reason, planning ahead is important. Balancing these important pursuits and setting priorities is a constant challenge for seniors insofar as they are given chances to show what they learned from school by performing in the job training.

Such program prepares the students on for the real job; the training and seminars give senior students clear views on setting their priorities. Tahan states that one of the biggest key benefits that senior students can obtain from accounting is the experience one can gain from working in the accounting field. This is an important experience that one can gain. It will not only help in the field of accounting, but also help organizing and running a business.

Nead in the article A capstone seminar course for Community College pointed out that seminars offer opportunities to help students develop skills and understanding that will prepare them for successful careers. Moreover, not only those paper qualifications such as degree are important in applying for a job.

For the teaching profession, practice teaching and related seminars are important factors that employers look into. Great teachers make a difference. It will help in meeting self-actualization needs - in becoming the best one can become Mc Ginley, The combination and interaction of various influences on decision-making are unique to individuals and the situation.

Local Literature The Bachelor in Business Teacher Education BBTE program envisions itself as a high-quality curriculum that aims to produce secondary, vocational, and college teachers in business and office technology that are capable of adopting to change, staying focused and productive in an increasingly global and digital educational workplace. Most BBTE graduates who were supposed to join the teaching profession eventually become employed as office workers.

Although the field of office work is allied to teaching as job target of the BBTE program, the career shift might blur the career prospects of undergraduates. Meily punctuates the role education plays in making life less difficult for each other in the community and in creating a better future for those who will be left behind.

Teaching is considered a complex and many-faceted task. To prepare for this job, the teacher should go through a pre-service education. Knowledge of ethical standards for teachers is likewise important for them to do a good job of teaching. Relativo avers that teachers do not perform teaching only; they also perform the roles of a community leader, confidante, friend, parent, counselor, and obedient and respectable citizen of the Republic. On the down side, the teaching is not financially rewarding profession.

Given the rising standards of living of the modern society, the average salary of a school teacher would not suffice to provide for the comfort of a family. Thus, more and more teachers have left teaching to find better opportunities in another job locally or abroad even as domestic helpers. Notwithstanding Raquedar underscores the importance given by employers for training as integral part of an organization, which involves proper instruction for the jobs at hand, development of good human relations, and enhancement of desirable personality and character.

OJTs allow students to experience the realities of business routines, thus prompting them to improve their skills and other qualifications for better employability. In choosing a career path, a student must have a clear set of goals. Having goals in life serves as a guide to what one hopes to achieve.

Most individuals tend to pursue careers where they can find real enjoyment, job security, and professional growth. Career selection is one of many important choices students make in determining future plans Burnchett, Thompson affirms that the employability of a person sometimes depends on the training and seminars which he or she has attended; hence, employees should have sufficient education and training to enable them to undertake the technical phases of the job and to possess the required manual effectively.

However, the needs of society changes due to the growth of science and technology. Thus, the knowledge, skills, and trainings may not meet the needs of the present society. Thomas as cited by Buton reports that nearly all the problems associated with job training are very simple to overcome, that most trainees usually take pride in learning new skill, that new skills gained for mutual benefits are good for the trainee to improve his future employment value, and that the supervisors are frequently the only persons in the organization that teach the basic knowledge and the many key skills that group needs to learn.

Hence, on-the-job training should never stop. Chukwurah concludes that teacher education concerns the production of teachers at all levels, and has been recognized as major concern for the nation since no school, whatever level can be run without the teacher. Hence, teacher education plays prominent roles in preparing students to become more responsible citizens, capable of making economic decisions that would benefit their personal and professional lives. In this study, this may determine the interest of the students — whether they are interested in teaching the next generations, more interested in doing office tasks, or even more interested in doing other jobs beyond the promise of the course they had taken.

Thus, students should be given all the chances to learn and develop the skills and attitudes required for various occupations. Conversely, career counselors could give more emphasis on this environmental factor during individual and small group career counseling sessions Pabiton, It would be unreasonable to extend some of these influential factors, not just adolescent aspirations but also in career decision making. Self- efficacy and parental support predicted youth expectations to attend college.

Parental environments influence career decisions both directly and indirectly with its relationship to outcome expectations. The people, places and things surrounding students as they grow up do not affect their own outlook about careers Mattison, Kwak n. In that manner, the parents being good role models would be satisfactorily succeeded by their children. Learning Standards for Career Development and Occupational Studies at Three Levels reports that students must possess certain traits for them to be knowledgeable about the world of work, explore career options, and relate personal skills, aptitudes, and abilities for future career decisions: 1 continue development of a career plan that would assist in the transition from school to eventual entry into a career option; 2 demonstrate an understanding of the relationship among personal interest, skills and abilities, career research; 3 demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the changing future of work and educational requirements; and 4 understand the relationship of personal choices to future career decisions.

Francisco n. Bautista in her study The Employability of PUP Bachelor in Office Administration Graduates: An Evaluation suggests that necessary steps should be undertaken to arouse the interests of the students particularly in pursuing the type of job that is in line with the course they have taken up. Graduate education among educators becomes a necessity due to the increasing competition in our society, as well as rapid educational changes and technological advancement since there are more jobs that enter the country which require skills that would not only be at par with the others but outdo them.

Synthesis and Relevance of the Reviewed Literature and Studies The related literature and studies discussed above prove helpful to the researchers in determining and analyzing the career path of fourth year Bachelor in Teacher Education students.

Waugh , Holland and Derr agree that a career is basically based on individual choices. Meily underscores the importance of responsibility for teachers insofar as they impact on the society in general. Relativo puts premium on pre- service education as a requisite for every budding teacher.

Thompson agrees Fizer enumerates factors that play in making career choices such as interest in field, and academic factors where the students choose their major based on their academic performance. Burnchett and Thompson agree that employees should have sufficient and constant education and training so as not to become obsolete due to changing technology.

Similarly, Buton and Chukwurah reach an agreement that supervisors play prominent roles in preparing students to become more responsible citizens, capable of making economic decisions that would benefit their personal and professional lives.

Pabiton n. Mattison adds that major influential factors include self-efficacy, expectations, and family, teacher, friends and relatives. Further, Kwak recognizes educational background of parents as a factor that affects the career choice of children. Indeed, these foreign and local literature and studies bolster the conduct of the current study, as these provide the proper framework and concepts hereto. It covers the research method and instrument used, research design, population and sampling, respondents, data gathering procedures, and statistical treatment of data.

Method of Research This study used the descriptive survey method to determine the factors that influence the pursuance to teaching or office work of the graduating fourth year students of Bachelor in Business Teacher Education at Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Sta. Descriptive research obtains facts about existing conditions in a phenomenon, and describes and interprets revealing conditions or relationships that exist or do not exist, practices that prevail or do not, beliefs or points of view or attitudes that are held or not, processing that are going on or otherwise effects that are being felt, or trends that are developing Calderon, There were two categories of specialization of the respondents: 1 those majoring in Business in Technology and Livelihood Education; and 2 those majoring in Information Technology Education.

The researchers used the convenience sampling technique to generate out of students based on the availability of the respondents. The researchers covered all the sections of fourth year BBTE students. They are both male and female. Research Instrument In order to obtain the desired data from the fourth year BBTE students, the researchers of this study used survey questionnaires as the major instrument, composed of three parts — profiles of the respondents, checklist, and a ranking scale of the different factors that influence the pursuance of teaching and office works of the students.

The second part of the questionnaire was a checklist composed of seven items. Respondents were asked to answer each question by checking the corresponding box in the columns. The third part of the questionnaire was about the different factors that influence the pursuance to teaching or office works composed of 25 items. The rating scale or Likert four-point scale used in the questionnaire composed of 4 — strongly agree; 3 — agree; 2 — disagree; 1 — strongly disagree. The researchers asked the permission of the Dean, Dr.

Junithesmer D. After the researchers obtained the approval of Dr. The questionnaires that had been validated by research experts and panelists had been distributed to the respondents, who answered the respective questions based on their knowledge, the researchers assuring the respondents that the data gathered would be treated with utmost confidentiality.

The results were tallied and tabulated according to the frequency of the items checked by the respondents. After the tabulation, results were interpreted using various statistical tools. Statistical Treatment of Data For the purpose of analysis and interpretation, the data gathered were coded, tallied and tabulated subjected to the following statistical treatment: 1. Frequency and Percentage The frequency and distributions were used to categorize the respondents according to their personal background variables such as sex, section and specialization in the first part of the questionnaire.

Ranking The researchers used the ranking technique in the study to compare the importance of the items analyzed. Ranking as a descriptive measure ought to describe numerical data in addition to percentage. This was used in the second part of the questionnaire. Weighted Mean Another technique used by the researchers in the study was the weighted mean. Pearson r Correlation Pearson r Correlation was used to determine the significant relationship between the determinants of teaching and office works.

Pearson r Correlation has been widely used in statistics to measure the relationship between the linear related variables. For the Pearson r correlation, both variables should be normally distributed to the following formula variables are used to calculate the Pearson r correlation. Table 2 Profile of Respondents in Terms of Sex.

Majority of the respondents were female with a frequency of one hundred three and percentage of Table 3 below presents the type of school where the respondents prefer to teach. Majority or one hundred thirteen of the respondents Majority of the respondents with a total number of one hundred twenty-nine having a percentage of Majority with a total number of one hundred sixty or Majority of the respondents with the total of one hundred thirty-two or Majority of the respondents answered no with a total number of Table 8 below reveals the level of education the respondents prefer to teach.

Majority of the respondents or ninety-seven 97 with a percentage of Majority or ninety 90 of the respondents chose to teach computer ICT , eighty-four 84 preferred TLE, thirty-seven 37 preferred Business Technology, twenty-seven 27 preferred stenography, twenty-six 26 preferred Management, another twenty-six 26 Entrepreneurship, twenty-five preferred Office Procedure, and twenty-one preferred Marketing.

Majority or eighty 80 or Majority or one hundred forty-eight or Fifty-three respondents or Majority of the respondents answered yes with the total of one hundred twenty-two having a percentage of Majority of the respondents answered yes with a total number of eighty-one 81 having a On the other hand, Father as the role model My father is a teacher received Disagree responses at a weighted mean of 2. As a whole, familial-related factors generated an overall weighted mean of 2.

These results are comparable to the study of Peled which found that fathers were less involved in parenting their adolescents than mothers did, insofar as adolescents were more securely attached to their mothers than to their fathers. As a whole, individual-related factors in choosing a career generated an overall weighted mean of 3.

Relativo earlier pointed out that a school teacher is not just a teacher but also a community leader, a confidante, a friend, a parent, a counselor, and a very respectable citizen. Waugh states that students do not decide alone but ask their family, friends, or relatives for advice. As a whole, psychosocial-emotional-related factors in choosing a career generated an overall weighted mean of 3.

Fizer stated that personality plays a role in choosing a career where the students who believe in themselves have more confidence and are more likely to go for what they want instead of settling for something that is comfortable. As a whole, competencies-related factors in choosing a career generated an overall weighted mean of 3. Pabiton noted that the students must be given all the chances to learn and develop the skills and attitudes required for various occupations insofar as the necessity to meet the needs of the business industry is a must for all colleges and that the trainings should be constant and in sync with the latest technology.

As a whole, familial-related factors in pursuing office work generated Agree responses with an overall weighted mean of 2. As a whole individual-related factors in pursuing office work generated Agree responses from respondents with overall weighted mean of 3. Raquedar reported that most of the companies and offices considered training as an integral part of an organization, insofar as training involves job instruction regarding the particular work, human relation, personality development and psycho-emotional stability.

Zunker states that individuals are attracted to a given career by their particular personalities and numerous variables that constitute their backgrounds. Generally, these psychosocial-emotional factors generated Agree responses with an overall weighted mean of 3.

Mc Ginley stated that students choose careers that are in line with their interests, values, goals, and abilities. Generally, these competency-related factors generated Agree responses with an overall weighted mean of 3. Therefore, the null hypothesis is rejected. This means that the relationship between familial-related factors of the office work and teaching is strong with Pearson coefficient value of 0.

Parents also exert the This means that individual-related factors of the office work relates strongly with teaching with a Pearson coefficient value of 0. This means that psychosocial- emotional factors of the office work and teaching are strongly related with a Pearson coefficient value of 0. This means that competencies-related factors of office work and teaching are very strongly related with Pearson coefficient value of 0.

These results are related to the study of Pegarido which stated that a graduating student should be fully aware that he must continuously grow and learn, advance his educational qualification, and be updated with the latest innovations. It Summary The main purpose of this study was to identify the determinant factors of career path between teaching and office work among fourth year Bachelor in Business Teacher Education students of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Sta.

The researchers hypothesized that there is no significant relationship between the determinants of teaching and office work using descriptive survey method to determine the factors that influence the pursuance to teaching or office work of the graduating fourth year BBTE students.

The major instrument used in this study was survey questionnaire in which frequencies and percentage, ranking, weighted mean and Pearson r correlation were determined using statistical treatment. Majority of the respondents are females with a frequency of one hundred three and percentage of

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Dissertation chapter 5 learner confidence Bachelor of Business Teacher Education BBTE pertains to a four-year degree course offered by the Polytechnic University of the Philippines that focuses on preparing and training students as skilled and competent teaching and non- teaching office professionals. Dissertation chapter 5 learner confidence Thesis. Majority of the respondents are females with a frequency of one hundred three and percentage of Career is viewed as a sequence of work history and reflects a chosen work- related life theme. Learning Standards for Career Development and Occupational Studies at Three Levels reports that students must possess certain traits for them to be knowledgeable about the world of work, explore career options, and relate personal skills, aptitudes, and abilities for future career decisions: 1 continue development of a career plan that would write literature resume in the transition from school to eventual entry into a career option; 2 demonstrate an understanding of the relationship among personal interest, skills and abilities, career research; 3 demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the changing future of work and educational requirements; and 4 understand the relationship of personal choices to future career decisions. Not-So-Silent Reading.
Literary analysis of hamlet ideas The strategies I'll present here won't just help you strengthen your application for the Gates Scholarship but will also help you more generally with your college applications. Knowledge of ethical standards for teachers is likewise important for them to do a good job of teaching. Generally, these psychosocial-emotional factors generated Agree responses with an overall weighted mean of 3. His research and teaching interests include religion, race and racism. An important point that gets obfuscated when a person is intimidated by writing is that the well-written articles, book chapters and books we admire take numerous drafts and revisions to get to a finished stage.
Dissertation chapter 5 learner confidence Notwithstanding Physiological needs are those needs required for human survival such as air, food, dissertation chapter 5 learner confidence, shelter, clothing and sleep; safety needs include those needs that provide a person with a sense of security and well-being. Moreover, not only those paper qualifications such as degree are important in applying for a job. Majority or one hundred thirteen of the respondents I like snow but here in my town doesn't have snow. Your work will, too. After the tabulation, results were interpreted using various statistical tools.
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My decision to enroll in college paper Lastly, the relationship between the office work and the teaching according to competencies-related factors has been found to be very strong with a Essay plan of development Coefficient value of 0. Pabiton n. Coronavirus Live Updates - 57 min 47 sec ago. Output O pertains to factors that would help participants become successful professionals including career orientation, seminar and job fair. Seeing each him or in once had only prevent leant premier custom writings over seeming before looking and to people twice. In terms of teaching abroad, seventy-seven 77 or These results are comparable to the study of Peled which found that fathers were less involved in parenting their adolescents than mothers did, insofar as adolescents were more securely attached to their mothers than to their fathers.
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I also remember the advice my father would give me when I felt overwhelmed with a task laid before me. An important point that gets obfuscated when a person is intimidated by writing is that the well-written articles, book chapters and books we admire take numerous drafts and revisions to get to a finished stage.

Your work will, too. Find a motivation for writing. Going into the second year of dissertation writing, I had a job talk in an Africana studies department at a highly ranked liberal arts college in the Northeast. Even though it was apparent that the department had a preferred candidate in mind, I soldiered through the campus visit, controlling what I could my answers to their questions, my job talk, my pitch for proposed courses. I received a rejection letter not too long after my return home.

At the time, I convinced myself that the interviewers did not hire me because my dissertation was not finished. I only had about the equivalent of two chapters at that point. Between November and April , I proceeded to write seven more chapters, and I defended my dissertation in May I worked on revisions that June, and the following month, I was offered a full-time lecturer position in the Africana studies program at the University of Tennessee at Knoxville.

In August , I submitted my revisions and began teaching four classes per semester. The point of this story is that sometimes you simply need motivation to get the dissertation written. Getting a full-time job and making myself more marketable for the following year on the job market helped me eventually land a tenure-track position, as well as build valuable social capital at my first institution. Write a story. For those of you who do ethnographic fieldwork, a good way to start or restart the writing process is to write about a story from the field.

I cite this example because I found it to be one of the least intimidating aspects of writing my dissertation, and it allows you to loosen up. Since the stories are embedded in a larger socio-cultural context, writing a story will also allow you to raise larger issues, which you can then connect to pertinent literature and topics such as race, gender, class and other forms of social inequality.

Recognize that writing is writing. Do not put any restrictions on yourself. All that can be refined at a later time. Just write. It counts as writing! It has to go in the dissertation anyway. Reading the pertinent literature, reading fiction and reading poetry informs your own thinking about your work. The thinking will help you generate more writing.

Take breaks. The stress of writing and sitting in front of a computer for long stretches of time can have adverse effects on your health. One of the breaks I like to take when writing involves exercise. As I wrote my dissertation, I took walks and rode my mountain bike. Plus, the act of exercise -- either during it or afterward -- has helped me work through ideas for my dissertation, my book and various articles I have written between and now.

Since we have chosen self-flagellating vocations, it is perfectly fine to remind yourself that you do not need to be chained to your desk in order to produce solid written work. I hope these tips help. If you found any of them useful, please share this essay with other academics in the midst of writing their dissertations with hopes more of them can finish the work they started. Bertin M. Louis Jr. His research and teaching interests include religion, race and racism.

He also studies human rights and statelessness among Haitians in the Bahamas and antiracist social movements in the U. Successfully reported this slideshow. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Thesis Chapter 1 to 5. Upcoming SlideShare. Like this document? Why not share! Embed Size px. Start on. Show related SlideShares at end.

WordPress Shortcode. Like Liked. Dayana Villanueva. Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Aiyan Mark Jabarani. Patricia Mendoza. Show More. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. No notes for slide. Thesis Chapter 1 to 5 1. This can be one of the measures whether an individual will be successful in the future or not.

The tentative steps during this stage include self-realization, role try-outs, occupational explorations in school, and finding the first job are. During this stage, teenagers need guidance in the proper selection of their desired career.

Educational privilege and other resources that society makes available allow students to be efficient and effective, thereby letting them to make right decisions considering their innate capacities Pablo et al. The teaching profession requires prolonged preparation for navigating future students, because individuals who have undergone preparation to teach can grow in various ways.

Future teachers can be specialists in a particular field such as dean of the students, guidance counselor, school psychologist, and curriculum specialist Linden, The students must be ready to enter the professional world. Thus, they should have career plans and strategies to meet the demands of the real corporate 2.

Essentially, making such career plan would help them to be ready in this reality either in teaching or in performing office works Bautista, BBTE is a four-year degree program which prepares students in two career tracts: Business Technology and Livelihood Education BTLE , and Information Technology Education ITE ; both of which prepare students to teach specific courses effectively across the learning areas in elementary, secondary, college, and vocational-technical schools.

This program is designed to equip students with office skills, basic of personal finance, decision-making techniques needed to be wise consumers, application of economic principles to an increasingly international marketplace, and the skills in establishing a business. Students master the applications of knowledge and acquire workplace skills particularly in the teaching of technology and livelihood education, information technology, research and service.

Upon completion of the BBTE program, graduates may join the teaching profession as teachers or as non-teaching office staff, either in private or 3. As a teacher, one needs to have the right attitude, the proper disposition and teaching skills. This study has been conducted to determine the career path of Bachelor in Business Teacher Education students in teaching or non-teaching office work. Participants BBTE students were asked to identify the factors or determinants for them to know their preferred work or job after graduating from the programs.

Theoretical Framework A theory is a well-founded statement or set of ideas that explains observed facts or phenomena. Some theories helped the researchers in conducting this study in a way that they explain essential ideas relating to the research. Based on the concepts in career education, the students should develop understanding of their decision—making process and be equipped with strategies to implement the decision relative to their personal and professional development.

Herr as cited by Magisos identified the variety of inputs to such an approach as the following concepts: that choice occurs under conditions of uncertainty or risk; that a choice between various possible courses of action can be 4. Applied in choosing a career, the law of readiness states that individuals learn best when they are physically, mentally, and emotionally ready to learn, and they do not learn well if they see no reason for learning.

Essentially, an individual seeks ways to fulfill his needs. Individual or human motivation is guided by a hierarchy of or ladder of needs Wayne, Physiological needs are those needs required for human survival such as air, food, water, shelter, clothing and sleep; safety needs include those needs that provide a person with a sense of security and well-being.

Social needs are important to humans so that they do not feel alone, isolated and depressed; on the other hand, esteem needs refer to the need for self-esteem and respect, with self-respect being slightly more important than gaining respect and admiration from others. Self- 5. Maslow believed that we naturally strive to climb this hierarchy Jamali, However, each person pictures the world in a very unique way. These perceptions make a person to phenomenal field.

Individuals react to the environment depending on how they perceive it or how they perceive the world Elliot et al. It can be expressed by using the input-process-output framework IPO. Student Profile a. Section b. Gender c. BTE Specialization 2. Chosen Career 2. Process P indicates the methodology used to meet the objectives of the descriptive study through survey questionnaire, analysis of data, and statistical treatment. Output O pertains to factors that would help participants become successful professionals including career orientation, seminar and job fair.

Statement of the Problem The main purpose of this study was to identify the determinants of career path between teaching and office works of fourth year students of Bachelor in Business Teacher Education at Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Sta.

Mesa, Manila. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of: a. Section; b. Gender; c. BTE specialization? What is the career the students would like to pursue in terms of: 2. What are the determinants of career path of BTE students in choosing a career between teaching or office works in terms of; 9.

Is there a significance relationship between factors; 4. Scope and Limitations of the Study This study was mainly focused on the determinants of the career path of all graduating fourth year students of Bachelor in Business Teacher Education of the College of Education of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Mabini Campus, Sta.

Mesa, Manila, during the second semester of the S. Y The useful and relevant information acquired from the study would benefit the following sectors: Administrators. This could motivate and challenge school authorities to device guidelines to aid students in identifying better career choices. The findings of this study would brief teachers of the effective strategies and pedagogies to mold their students into skilled and competent teaching and non-teaching professionals.

The results of this study would provide students with useful and reflective insights on the different factors that could influence them in pursuing a career path. Bachelor of Business Teacher Education BBTE pertains to a four-year degree course offered by the Polytechnic University of the Philippines that focuses on preparing and training students as skilled and competent teaching and non- teaching office professionals. Career refers to a swift course or a progress extending through the life or a portion of it.

Career choice means the preferred type of occupation or profession by college students according to familial-related, individual-related, societal-related, psychosocial-emotional, and competencies-related factors. Career path pertains to both teaching and office professions that a student ought to pursue. Competencies-related factors means skills acquired or mastered.

Familial-related factors are direct bearing of parental role in education and career aspirations. Office skills refer to the skills in accounting, computer software skills, keyboarding, filing, business communications, and other clerical functions that a non-teaching office personnel must possess. Office work refers to the general clerical functions that a non-teaching personnel performs in an office.

Psychosocial-emotional factors pertain to emotional, personal and social barriers that prevent an individual from making adequate career choice. Societal-related factors include values, attitudes, and practices of a society that relate to appropriate career choice. Teaching refers to the noble profession that facilitates learning and knowledge processing of students in schools. The information in this chapter was sought to support this study and lead the researchers in determining the factors that influence the pursuit of teaching or office work of fourth year Bachelor in Business Teacher Education students of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Sta.

Foreign Literature Students are influenced by different academic portions of the class such as the value of the content, the structure, and the workload. Students also looked upon their interest, academic goals, and schedules. Not all courses are as prominent as others, but it is important to know what students want from their classes, and their expectations of themselves Waugh, First of all, career choice is an expression of, or an extension of personality into the world of work followed by the subsequent identification with specific occupational stereotypes.

If the individual has developed a strong dominant orientation, satisfaction is probable in a corresponding occupational environment; if the orientation is one of indecision, however, the livelihood of satisfaction diminishes. Career is viewed as a sequence of work history and reflects a chosen work- related life theme. It demands individual choices in reference to a cognitive map, about the dynamic interaction among work, self, family, and external social forces.

This is so even if the person decides to do nothing Derr, Education Life states that career planning is an ongoing career development process through which learners attempt to understand their personal, family, school, work, and community experiences and the importance they may have in making career and lifestyle choices. Knowing the right path, making the wise decision and having a good attitude to career planning are keys to success.

The choice in their career lies in the steps one takes; for this reason, planning ahead is important. Balancing these important pursuits and setting priorities is a constant challenge for seniors insofar as they are given chances to show what they learned from school by performing in the job training.

Such program prepares the students on for the real job; the training and seminars give senior students clear views on setting their priorities. Tahan states that one of the biggest key benefits that senior students can obtain from accounting is the experience one can gain from working in the accounting field. This is an important experience that one can gain. It will not only help in the field of accounting, but also help organizing and running a business.

Nead in the article A capstone seminar course for Community College pointed out that seminars offer opportunities to help students develop skills and understanding that will prepare them for successful careers. Moreover, not only those paper qualifications such as degree are important in applying for a job. For the teaching profession, practice teaching and related seminars are important factors that employers look into.

Great teachers make a difference. It will help in meeting self-actualization needs - in becoming the best one can become Mc Ginley, The combination and interaction of various influences on decision-making are unique to individuals and the situation. Local Literature The Bachelor in Business Teacher Education BBTE program envisions itself as a high-quality curriculum that aims to produce secondary, vocational, and college teachers in business and office technology that are capable of adopting to change, staying focused and productive in an increasingly global and digital educational workplace.

Most BBTE graduates who were supposed to join the teaching profession eventually become employed as office workers. Although the field of office work is allied to teaching as job target of the BBTE program, the career shift might blur the career prospects of undergraduates.

Meily punctuates the role education plays in making life less difficult for each other in the community and in creating a better future for those who will be left behind. Teaching is considered a complex and many-faceted task. To prepare for this job, the teacher should go through a pre-service education. Knowledge of ethical standards for teachers is likewise important for them to do a good job of teaching. Relativo avers that teachers do not perform teaching only; they also perform the roles of a community leader, confidante, friend, parent, counselor, and obedient and respectable citizen of the Republic.

On the down side, the teaching is not financially rewarding profession. Given the rising standards of living of the modern society, the average salary of a school teacher would not suffice to provide for the comfort of a family. Thus, more and more teachers have left teaching to find better opportunities in another job locally or abroad even as domestic helpers.

Notwithstanding Raquedar underscores the importance given by employers for training as integral part of an organization, which involves proper instruction for the jobs at hand, development of good human relations, and enhancement of desirable personality and character. OJTs allow students to experience the realities of business routines, thus prompting them to improve their skills and other qualifications for better employability.

In choosing a career path, a student must have a clear set of goals. Having goals in life serves as a guide to what one hopes to achieve. Most individuals tend to pursue careers where they can find real enjoyment, job security, and professional growth. Career selection is one of many important choices students make in determining future plans Burnchett, Thompson affirms that the employability of a person sometimes depends on the training and seminars which he or she has attended; hence, employees should have sufficient education and training to enable them to undertake the technical phases of the job and to possess the required manual effectively.

However, the needs of society changes due to the growth of science and technology. Thus, the knowledge, skills, and trainings may not meet the needs of the present society. Thomas as cited by Buton reports that nearly all the problems associated with job training are very simple to overcome, that most trainees usually take pride in learning new skill, that new skills gained for mutual benefits are good for the trainee to improve his future employment value, and that the supervisors are frequently the only persons in the organization that teach the basic knowledge and the many key skills that group needs to learn.

Hence, on-the-job training should never stop. Chukwurah concludes that teacher education concerns the production of teachers at all levels, and has been recognized as major concern for the nation since no school, whatever level can be run without the teacher. Hence, teacher education plays prominent roles in preparing students to become more responsible citizens, capable of making economic decisions that would benefit their personal and professional lives. In this study, this may determine the interest of the students — whether they are interested in teaching the next generations, more interested in doing office tasks, or even more interested in doing other jobs beyond the promise of the course they had taken.

Thus, students should be given all the chances to learn and develop the skills and attitudes required for various occupations. Conversely, career counselors could give more emphasis on this environmental factor during individual and small group career counseling sessions Pabiton, It would be unreasonable to extend some of these influential factors, not just adolescent aspirations but also in career decision making. Self- efficacy and parental support predicted youth expectations to attend college.

Parental environments influence career decisions both directly and indirectly with its relationship to outcome expectations. The people, places and things surrounding students as they grow up do not affect their own outlook about careers Mattison, Kwak n. In that manner, the parents being good role models would be satisfactorily succeeded by their children. Learning Standards for Career Development and Occupational Studies at Three Levels reports that students must possess certain traits for them to be knowledgeable about the world of work, explore career options, and relate personal skills, aptitudes, and abilities for future career decisions: 1 continue development of a career plan that would assist in the transition from school to eventual entry into a career option; 2 demonstrate an understanding of the relationship among personal interest, skills and abilities, career research; 3 demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the changing future of work and educational requirements; and 4 understand the relationship of personal choices to future career decisions.

Francisco n. Bautista in her study The Employability of PUP Bachelor in Office Administration Graduates: An Evaluation suggests that necessary steps should be undertaken to arouse the interests of the students particularly in pursuing the type of job that is in line with the course they have taken up. Graduate education among educators becomes a necessity due to the increasing competition in our society, as well as rapid educational changes and technological advancement since there are more jobs that enter the country which require skills that would not only be at par with the others but outdo them.

Synthesis and Relevance of the Reviewed Literature and Studies The related literature and studies discussed above prove helpful to the researchers in determining and analyzing the career path of fourth year Bachelor in Teacher Education students. Waugh , Holland and Derr agree that a career is basically based on individual choices.

Meily underscores the importance of responsibility for teachers insofar as they impact on the society in general. Relativo puts premium on pre- service education as a requisite for every budding teacher. Thompson agrees Fizer enumerates factors that play in making career choices such as interest in field, and academic factors where the students choose their major based on their academic performance.

Burnchett and Thompson agree that employees should have sufficient and constant education and training so as not to become obsolete due to changing technology. Similarly, Buton and Chukwurah reach an agreement that supervisors play prominent roles in preparing students to become more responsible citizens, capable of making economic decisions that would benefit their personal and professional lives. Pabiton n.

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CHAPTER V SUMMARY OF FINDINGS CONCLUAION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

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